Running Selenium with chromedriver inside a Windows container

Running Selenium for Web UI testing in a Windows container is a little bit tricky. I spent a week on this and finally could make it to work thanks to the idea in [1]. Woohuu!

Let's take a look at this sample Java application that runs Selenium with chromedriver.

1. Make sure your Desktop Docker running with Windows Container mode

2. In your Dockerfile, make sure:

  • Install the needed fonts (googlechrome) => this is the most important thing! 

ADD files/fonts.tar /Fonts/


RUN @powershell -NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command ".\Add-Font.ps1 Fonts"

  • Enable Web-WebSockets feature using Powershell
RUN @powershell -NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command "Add-WindowsFeature Web-WebSockets"
  • Install chocolatey to install openjdk8, and googlechrome

RUN @powershell -NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command "iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))" && SET "PATH=%PATH%;%ALLUSERSPROFILE%\chocolatey\bin" -Y

RUN choco install openjdk8 -Y
RUN refreshenv

RUN choco install googlechrome -Y

  • Copy the chromedriver.exe driver into your working directory

ADD files/drivers/chromedriver.exe "C:/ProgramData/drivers"

Full Dockerfile:

3. Build your Docker image using Powershell with administrator privileges

PS C:\Users\Trinh Nguyen\projects\mycontainer> docker build . -t yourimage_uri:yourtag

4. Run your containerized application from Powershell

PS C:\Users\Trinh Nguyen\projects\mycontainer> docker run -p 8080:8080 yourimage_uri:yourtag

5. You can find the Dockerfile and supplementary files in [2].